Emergence Program

In the event of an emerging or re-emerging epidemic crisis in France and worldwide, our agency can trigger a procedure to enable it to respond proportionately to health crises.

Publié le 21 July 2023

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The agency provides you with a regularly updated watch of research articles, to help you better understand the evolution of epidemics and combat misinformation.


While our agency plays a central role as an aid in preparing responses to future infectious threats, it also plays a particular role withinin the French and international scientific landscape in the response to epidemic crises that occur and fall within its remit: it acts as a reference player, inter-institutional pilot and research accelerator.

It has a multimodal mechanism in the event of epidemic crises, which consist of three progressive response levels.


Response levels

  • Level 1: Implementation of an enhanced scientific watch in the event of an epidemic crisis; definition of research priorities for preventive purposes (crisis preparedness) in conjunction with the scientific communities, expert groups and associations; production of information for public decision-makers.
  • Level 2: Release of emergency funding for the implementation of research actions within the scope of the research priorities set out in Level 1. Coordination with European and international responses.
  • Level 3: In the event of a crisis requiring enhanced coordination at national level, implementation of specific response mechanisms in conjunction with all French research players.

Emergence cells

In the event of an epidemic outbreak due to the emergence or re-emergence of a pathogen, in France or anywhere else in the world, the agency triggers a dedicated, levelized procedure to ensure a proportionate response to health crises. At present, no Emergence unit is in operation.


Arthropod-borne viruses are transmitted to humans and/or other vertebrates by certain species of blood-feeding arthropods (mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies and midges). They transmit the pathogen during their blood meal, after having bitten an infected person or animal. Dengue, Zika and chikungunya are…